Silent threats with diseases in men population

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June marks National Men’s Health Month, serving as a timely reminder for men to acknowledge and address the health challenges they may encounter. It is well-documented that men tend to be less proactive than women in seeking medical attention, with a mere 60 percent opting for annual check-ups and a concerning 40 percent delaying visits until a health issue becomes severe.

Helen Bernie, DO, MPH, Director of Male Sexual and Reproductive Medicine and assistant professor of urology, underscores the need to encourage men to prioritize their health. Bernie, who also spearheads Indiana’s sole male sexual and reproductive medicine fellowship, notes that while 20 percent of men admit to visiting a doctor to alleviate pressure from a significant other, the collective effort to advocate for regular health check-ups can yield a positive impact.

Several key facts underscore the urgency of promoting men’s health awareness. The overall mortality rate for men is 41 percent higher than that of women, with men facing elevated risks for eight out of ten leading causes of death, including heart disease, cancer, stroke, and diabetes.

Mental health is another critical aspect, with 31 percent of men experiencing depression during their lifetime, and 9 percent grappling with daily feelings of depression or anxiety. Unfortunately, only a quarter of affected men seek professional help, and merely a third opt for medication. The importance of recognizing signs of depression and embracing assistance cannot be overstated.

Prostate cancer stands out as the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths among men in the United States. Those with a family history—father, brother, or son with the disease—are 2 to 3 times more likely to develop prostate cancer. Regular consultations with healthcare providers to monitor PSA and DRE levels are crucial preventive measures.

Erectile dysfunction affects nearly 30 million men across all age groups in the United States. Seeking consultation with a urologist is paramount, not only to address immediate concern but also to rule out potential underlying conditions such as heart disease, high blood pressure, or high blood sugar.

Recognizing the urgency of these statistics, this article by Aralva aims to provide valuable information on diseases in men, particularly in the context of men’s health issues.

Male health issues

Health challenges, by nature, do not discriminate based on gender or age. Nevertheless, specific medical conditions appear to exhibit a higher prevalence in men than in women. This age-old observation has gained further support in recent decades, underscoring that men are more susceptible to certain diseases, consequently contributing to a higher mortality rate.

It’s crucial to emphasize that this comparison is not intended to be negative, but rather, it raises valid concerns about men’s health. This prompts the need to enhance awareness regarding various health issues that commonly affect men. Addressing these health problems proactively, before they escalate into severe conditions, can significantly preserve the health and well-being of adult men.

June, recognized as Men’s Health Month, provides an opportune moment to delve into the various diseases and conditions that persist as significant threats to men’s health. Importantly, it offers a platform to explore proven preventive measures against these health concerns.

Without further ado, let’s delve into the exploration of men’s health and unravel the strategies to safeguard against the prevalent diseases and conditions that men may face.

male health issues

Common male health problems

Heart Disease – top 10 men’s health issues

Heart disease encompasses various cardiovascular conditions, including arrhythmias, atherosclerosis, congenital heart defects, coronary artery disease, and heart failure. In the United States, heart disease ranks as the leading cause of death among men, with 1 in 4 succumbing to its consequences, according to the CDC.

The gender disparity in heart disease is often ascribed to physiological differences, potentially compounded by variances in lifestyle choices and gender-specific activities. Despite these contributing factors, the statistics underscore the importance of heightened awareness among men regarding their susceptibility to heart disease.

Several risk factors significantly contribute to the development of heart disease, which are shared with women but tend to have more pronounced effects in men. Age, stress, obesity, high cholesterol diet, physical inactivity, excessive alcohol intake, diabetes, and low testosterone levels all play roles in elevating the risk. Notably, research indicates that testosterone levels are crucial in identifying susceptibility to cardiovascular disease and metabolic disorders.

Johns Hopkins Medicine emphasizes that changes in sexual activities linked to erectile dysfunction (ED) can serve as vital indicators of developing heart problems. Given that the first symptom of heart disease is often a heart attack, ED becomes a significant early sign of the condition.

In addition to ED, individuals should remain vigilant for other signs that may point to emerging heart disease, including trouble catching one’s breath, irregular heartbeat, frequent dizziness, and extreme fatigue. Recognizing and addressing these warning signs can be pivotal in the early detection and management of heart-related issues, ultimately contributing to better cardiovascular health and well-being.

common male health problems


Cancer manifests in various forms, contingent on the affected organ, yet all types share a common trait: uncontrolled cell growth spurred by genetic mutations resulting from diverse factors. The severity of cancer is gauged by the extent of its cells spreading to other body parts. Analogous to heart disease, men face a higher mortality rate attributed to cancer, underscoring the potentially dire consequences for men’s health upon diagnosis.

The three most prevalent cancer types in men are prostate cancer, lung cancer, and colorectal cancer, alongside others like testicular cancer, bladder cancer, and melanoma. Susceptibility to cancer is influenced by factors such as age, race/ethnicity, family history, smoking, and diet. Notably, older men, particularly those above 65, exhibit a higher predisposition to cancer, with 60% of prostate cancer diagnoses occurring in this age group. Race also plays a significant role, with African Americans facing higher cancer-related mortality rates than other racial groups in the US.

While different cancers exhibit distinct symptoms, shared warning signs include extreme fatigue, unexplained weight changes, the presence of growing lumps, digestive irregularities, skin alterations, unusual bruising, and persistent cough or pain. Among these, the appearance of an uncontrollably growing lump is a common indicator that necessitates prompt cancer testing. Recognizing these warning signs and seeking timely medical attention is crucial for the early detection and management of cancer, ultimately contributing to improved outcomes for men’s health.

Chronic Respiratory Diseases

Chronic respiratory diseases (CRD) encompass a range of health issues affecting the lungs, trachea, and other components of the respiratory system, including asthma, lung disease, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, chronic pneumonia, and cystic fibrosis. According to the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, over 1 million deaths in the US in 2010 were associated with lung disease.

Men, in particular, face prevalent triggers for CRD, notably tobacco use and exposure to indoor smoke from solid fuels. Additionally, other risk factors contributing to the development of CRD include smoking, exposure to allergens, family history, age, poor diet, exposure to indoor and outdoor pollution, and physical inactivity.

Much like cancer, individual diseases falling under CRD exhibit distinct symptoms specific to the particular condition. However, early warning signs common to various respiratory problems include persistent cough, wheezing, difficulty breathing, coughing blood, fatigue, chest pain, and continuous production of mucus or phlegm. Recognizing these early indicators is crucial for timely diagnosis and intervention, emphasizing the importance of proactive measures in managing and maintaining respiratory health.


Stroke, a condition characterized by a disruption of blood flow to the brain resulting from either a blockage or a rupture in blood vessels, stands as a significant cause of both mortality and long-term disability in men. Immediate medical intervention is critical for individuals experiencing a stroke, as the lack of oxygen supply to the brain can lead to rapid death.

To assess the likelihood of developing a stroke, individuals can consider various risk factors, including hypertension, tobacco use, diabetes, excessive alcohol consumption, and physical inactivity. Hypertension, in particular, is a major contributor, affecting almost 47% of men in the US or requiring medications to manage elevated blood pressure levels.

The urgency in addressing stroke lies in its sudden onset, with the potential for severe brain damage. Timely treatment is crucial to minimize the impact of a stroke on the brain.

Recognizing the signs of a stroke is imperative for prompt intervention. Observable conditions indicative of a stroke include a severe headache, confusion, slurred speech, difficulty understanding spoken language, numbness in the face, eye problems, and trouble walking. Familiarity with these symptoms can empower individuals to seek immediate medical attention, potentially mitigating the severity of the stroke and improving the chances of recovery.


Beyond obesity, an unbalanced diet is often linked to another significant disorder: diabetes, specifically type 2 diabetes. This condition arises when the pancreas fails to produce enough insulin or when the body cannot effectively process the hormone. Consequently, elevated blood sugar levels disrupt essential tissue functions. Diabetes serves as a common risk factor for various chronic diseases, and it is interconnected with erectile dysfunction (ED) in men, creating a bidirectional relationship.

Research indicates a substantial association between diabetes and ED, with approximately 50% of men diagnosed with diabetes also experiencing erectile dysfunction, according to a systematic review and meta-analysis of 145 studies.

Several risk factors contribute to the development of diabetes, including age, race/ethnicity, family history, being overweight, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, and physical inactivity. Diagnosis of type 2 diabetes often involves the detection of abnormal glucose levels in the blood, with lab tests such as the Hemoglobin A1c Blood Test being commonly utilized.

Recognizing potential symptoms is crucial for early intervention. Individuals suspecting diabetes may experience frequent urination, especially at night, unexplained weight loss, persistent thirst or hunger, blurry vision, tingling in extremities, dry skin, and slow-healing wounds or sores. Importantly, these symptoms develop gradually over the years, emphasizing the importance of understanding risk factors and undergoing regular testing to prevent the progression of the disease. Proactive measures and awareness can significantly contribute to diabetes prevention and management.

Erectile dysfunction

Erectile dysfunction, the inability to achieve or maintain an erection, is a prevalent issue, affecting at least 1 in 5 men over the age of 40. While not a disease in itself, it often serves as a symptom of underlying problems, which can be either physical, psychological, or a combination of both. Erectile dysfunction can potentially signal other health concerns such as diabetes or hypertension (high blood pressure). Seeking medical attention is crucial if experiencing erectile dysfunction, as it allows for the identification and treatment of any potential root causes, and doctors can suggest appropriate treatments to facilitate erections.

Contrary to common misconceptions, infertility is not solely a “woman’s problem.” In fact, four in 10 cases of infertility can be attributed to issues in the male partner. Male infertility is often linked to challenges in sperm transport or production, such as low sperm counts. Diagnosis typically involves medical tests, as ejaculation usually occurs normally.

Importantly, male infertility may also serve as an indicator of other health conditions, including testosterone deficiency or testicular cancer. Seeking medical advice is crucial for individuals experiencing difficulties in achieving pregnancy, as it allows for a thorough evaluation and potential identification of underlying health concerns. Regular check-ups and prompt medical attention contribute to overall reproductive health and well-being.

Common Men’s Health Questions

Certainly! While I don’t have specific questions, I can provide answers to some common men’s health questions. If you have specific questions in mind, feel free to ask, and I’ll do my best to provide helpful information.

  • How often should men have a health check-up?

Men should have a general health check-up at least once a year. However, the frequency may vary based on individual health conditions, age, and risk factors. Regular screenings for conditions like cardiovascular issues, prostate health, and diabetes are recommended.

  • What are some signs of prostate problems that men should watch out for?

Symptoms of prostate problems may include difficulty urinating, frequent urination, blood in the urine or semen, and pain or discomfort in the pelvic area. Regular screenings, especially for men over 50 or those with risk factors, are essential for early detection.

  • How can men maintain a healthy heart?

To maintain a healthy heart, men should adopt a balanced diet rich in fruits, vegetables, whole grains, and lean proteins. Regular exercise, avoiding tobacco, limiting alcohol intake, and managing stress are also crucial for cardiovascular health.

  • What are the signs of testicular cancer, and how can it be detected early?

Signs of testicular cancer may include lumps, swelling, or changes in the size or shape of the testicles. Monthly self-exams and routine check-ups with a healthcare professional are key for early detection.

  • How can men address mental health concerns?

Men can address mental health concerns by seeking professional help if needed, talking openly about their feelings, and maintaining a support system. Engaging in stress-reducing activities, exercising regularly, and getting adequate sleep also contribute to mental well-being.

  • What lifestyle changes can help prevent diabetes in men?

Lifestyle changes to prevent diabetes include maintaining a healthy weight, adopting a balanced diet with a focus on whole foods, engaging in regular physical activity, and avoiding excessive consumption of sugary and processed foods.

  • How can men promote sexual health?

Men can promote sexual health by maintaining overall well-being through regular exercise, a balanced diet, and avoiding excessive alcohol and tobacco use. Seeking medical advice for any sexual health concerns is essential for proper diagnosis and treatment.

  • What can men do to support bone health as they age?

Supporting bone health involves consuming an adequate amount of calcium and vitamin D through diet or supplements, engaging in weight-bearing exercises, and avoiding excessive alcohol and tobacco use. Regular bone density screenings may be recommended, especially for older men.

  • How do men’s testosterone levels change with age, what are the general effects, and what steps can be taken to address it?

Testosterone levels naturally decline as men age, though supplementation is rarely necessary. Maintaining a healthy, active lifestyle generally helps men maintain an average level for their age group.

  • I’m a 39-year-old man in good health. When should I start undergoing screenings for various illnesses, what screenings are recommended, and what is the recommended frequency?

Scheduled preventive visits include physicals, screenings, vaccinations, cancer surveillance, and more. At 40, annual visits are advised, while biannual wellness visits are recommended before that, unless specific risk factors are present. Find details on essential preventive screenings here.

  • Do treatments for baldness and thinning hair actually produce results?

Yes, they are effective, but like medications, potential interactions should be reviewed by a doctor before starting any treatment.

  • My father experienced a heart attack at a young age. Should I be concerned about the possibility of having one?

Genetics significantly influence heart attack risk. However, modern medical practices enable physicians to predict high-risk patients and manage their care effectively, reducing the likelihood of severe outcomes.

  • I haven’t exercised in many years, but I want to improve my fitness. Where should I begin?

Doctors enthusiastically offer guidance on embarking on a fitness journey. Start slowly to gauge your tolerance, gradually increasing intensity. Even small changes, whether through basic cardio, weight training, or general physical activity, can yield significant results over time.

common mens health questions

Male health treatment

By paying closer attention to risk factors associated with five common diseases among men, it becomes evident that certain factors are within your control through lifestyle choices. Taking proactive steps can significantly increase the likelihood of preventing these conditions. Consider the following proven measures to safeguard men’s health and promote longevity:

Mind Your Diet:

As you age, it’s crucial to reduce or eliminate foods high in sugars and cholesterol. Your body’s physiology changes over time, affecting your tolerance for certain foods. Regardless of age, providing your body with proper nutrients is essential for maintaining organ functions. Ignoring careful dietary choices has been linked to chronic diseases.

Prioritize Adequate Sleep:

Allow your body sufficient time for repair, growth, and recovery by ensuring you get the recommended 7 to 9 hours of sleep for adults. Inadequate sleep can disrupt hormone balance and other essential chemicals, negatively impacting your overall health.

Embrace an Active Lifestyle:

Physical inactivity is a constant risk factor for common men’s diseases. The prevalence of sedentary lifestyles poses a significant health problem. Prioritize exercise to prevent disorders associated with high cholesterol. Gradual engagement in cardiovascular activities and fat-burning can effectively improve your health.

Regular Health Checkups:

Regular testing increases the likelihood of detecting diseases before they worsen. Despite the assumption of good health, some conditions may not show surface symptoms. Understanding the importance of routine blood works and checkups is crucial for men’s health improvement. Schedule appointments with a doctor, either through telehealth or in-person, and consider online options for blood testing convenience.

Break Free from Unhealthy Habits:

Habits like excessive alcohol consumption and heavy smoking can shorten your lifespan. Recognize the adverse effects on your health and the well-being of those around you. Gradually withdraw from these habits with professional guidance, eventually reaping the benefits of healthier choices. Seek medical advice, as withdrawal can be a challenging process.

Adopting these strategies can significantly contribute to enhancing men’s health and fostering a longer, healthier life.

In a Nutshell

Safeguarding men’s health is vital not only for those already diagnosed with a particular disease but for everyone who places value on their well-being. Whether you are a man or know men facing health challenges, taking proactive steps can make a significant difference. A recommended approach is to proceed one step at a time.

Begin by educating yourself about common diseases prevalent among men. Understanding the risks associated with these conditions lays the foundation for informed decision-making. To gain deeper insights into your health status, consider taking the Healthy Male Checkup Blood Test. This comprehensive test provides valuable information about various health indicators.

Taking this step ensures that you are well-informed about your current health status, allowing for early detection of potential issues. Additionally, the assurance of proper guidance throughout the process is provided, offering support and insights to help you make informed decisions about your well-being.

Remember, protecting men’s health is a journey that starts with awareness and proactive measures. By taking these steps, you empower yourself or others to prioritize health, contributing to a better and more informed approach to overall well-being.